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Situation Analysis

Trafficking in women and children, an obscene affront to their dignity and rights, is a gross commercialization of innocent lives. The trafficked girls undergo such inhuman atrocities, physical and mental torture and brainwash in the brothels that we cannot even think that one human being can inflict such disastrous pain to another human being for money.

Unfortunately, the spread of HIV and AID has not discouraged the sex industry's growth - instead, it has led traffickers to seek even younger girls, who are more likely to be disease - free. Many of these girls will never escape. Some will die of AIDS and other communicable diseases, some will resort to suicide.

As generally recognized, women take on the majority of responsibilities for those close to them, for children, the aged and the sick. Unfortunately our society does not give due respect to girls/women and vested interests use them as tools for profit making by trafficking for prostitution and it is the responsibility of the well endowed and educated conscious people like us to rescue them and resurrect them as respected citizens. The present situation is very disheartening and we have to continuously struggle with the uneducated, emotional, frank, guileless, simple-hearted girls and women, even counsel them for days before we repatriate them and teach them the means to earn their livelihood with respect and counsel them in such a way that they do not repeat such mistake in life and they never get cheated by any man in future. They seem to lose their entire identity as humans just because some antisocial elements in and around the country are overcome by greed and lose all dimensions of humanity. The situation is not only exploitive but also destructive in our society .AII efforts have to be made to arrest such inhuman situation.

Trafficked girls are traumatized by their experiences. Depression and suicidal thoughts are commonly reported. The mental and emotional state of the survivors may include helplessness, withdrawal, disassociation, self-blame etc. Besides being stigmatized as outcasts and facing moral and legal isolation, trafficked people are vulnerable to HIV/AIDS infection; drug addiction, high risk abortions and teenage pregnancies, A nation cannot be a silent witness to the forces tearing its social fabric. Those who are at risk need to be protected and those who have suffered the horrors need support to reshape their lives. Each girl child deserves a better tomorrow.

Trafficking violates all known canons of human rights and dignity. In this world of tragic and complex human abuse, girls and women form a particularly vulnerable class. In the existing social scenario in India, vulnerability is a product of inequality, low status and discrimination as well as the patriarchal and captivating authority unleashed on girls and women, especially the girl child.

With no freedom of choice and options for a life with dignity, these hapless girls and women are merrily trafficked and exploited forcing them to lead a life crippled with indignity, social stigma, debt bondage and a host of ailments including HIV/AIDS

Trading in human beings and their exploitation in varied forms by traffickers in human beings is one of the most despicable forms of violation of human rights. Trafficking clearly violates the fundamental right to a life with dignity. It also violates right to health and health care, right to liberty and security of person, right to freedom from torture, violence, cruelty or degrading treatment. The right to employment and the right of self determination. The income generated by trafficking is comparable to the money generated through trafficking in arms and drugs.

It recognizes gender and child rights as a major component of human rights. A gender responsive and a right-based approach are a vision and practice of development that ensures fundamental human entitlements – social as well as economic. - In ways that expand choices, and promote human well-being and empowerment. Therefore, a human rights orientation to trafficking must also be responsive to gender differences and disparities.

Against the backdrop of an emerging India as a player in global markets, a reported 100 million people have been involved in human trafficking. Girls as young as 10 years old, frequently from the poorest backgrounds, are being kidnapped and sold off to brothels, sometimes by their own families.

poverty, feticide / infanticide, child marriage, natural disasters (floods, cyclones etc.), domestic violence, unemployment, and lure of job / marriage with false promises, domestic servitude, traditional / religious prostitution (devdasi), and lack of employment opportunities can be described as supply factors, the demand factors are migration, hope for jobs / marriage, demand for cheap labour, enhanced vulnerability due to lack of awareness, creation of need, sex tourism, internet pornography and organized crime generating high profits with low risk for traffickers.